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Basics of Data Modeling and Warehousing for Data Engineers

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This article was published as a part of the Data Science Blogathon.

Introduction

Companies struggle to m” or “wve solved these challenges. The concept of data storage has changed dramatically since it began in the mid-1980s. It has evolved into a separate discipline to meet the grmplexities of the business world. This has led to better technology and stronger business practices.

data engineering

Initially, data warehouses were created so that companies could store a source of analytical data that they could use to answer queries. This is still an important factor, but today, companies need easy access to information on a large scale with a diverse set of end-users. The defined user has greatly expanded from specialized engineers to almost anyone who can drag and drop to the Tableau.

Understanding end-users of data storage are essential if you are planning to build one. It can be easy with modern tools to pull data from Snowflake or BiQuery without prioritizing the end-user, but the goal should be to create a basic layer of data that is easy to understand for anyone. At the end of the day, data is a product of a data group and needs to be as understandable, reliable, and easy to use as any other feature or product.

Data as Product

Data is just a useful product. That new oil data still weighs, but the data is really current. It is expected to work. We do not want crude oil. We want high octane fuel. We want to be able to just plug the fuel into our car and operate it without any problems. As people get closer and closer to this product, it needs to be used. This means it should be:

  • It is easy to understand,
  • and easy to operate.
  • It’s solid.
  • He is faithful.
  • It’s on time

Evaluating company data processes can greatly improve the end-user experience with specified data. Overall, the data management part as a product follows advanced processes that help capture data from crude oil to high octane fuel.

Best Data Model Practices

data modeling

 

When building your data repository, it is important to use best practices. However, it is also important that you do not overreact. Many warehouse data solutions do not even easily support (or are not configured) some of the most common methods of data matching. But this does not mean that you can automatically upload data to your database without standards or modeling. You do not need to be assertive, but be consistent. If you are going to make a mistake, make the same mistake. This means you will need to set standards to make it clear to developers what they expect.

Basic advanced practices, such as common names, can make a huge difference in the knowledge of end-users.

  1. Standardize names – To ensure that analysts can quickly identify what the columns mean, having common naming conventions is required. Using consistent data types such as “ts”, “date”, “is_’ and so on, ensures that everyone knows what they are looking at without looking at the data documents. This is similar to the old design principle of the adjective that describes the column recommendations.
  2. Manage data structures – Overall, trying to avoid complex data structures such as arrays and dictionaries in key layers is beneficial because it reduces the confusion that analysts may have.
  3. Organize IDS as much as you can – IDs allow analysts to integrate data across multiple systems. Looking back on my career, this excellent practice has had a profound effect. When IDs were not suspended, I was completely unable to join the data sets, no matter how talented I was. By comparison, when I worked for companies that had systems in place to ensure that system IDs were tracked, I was able to fluently join very different data sets.
  4. Improve processes with software teams – Less than the best performance and the biggest problem you will face is how you ensure that your data does not change too much. Of course, you can store your data in JSON or non-built-in data sets in the raw layer. But as a data engineer, the more you understand what changes in data platforms and organizations are happening upstream, the more you can avoid any failures.

Higher Levels of Data Modeling Concepts

There are many different schools of thought when it comes to building a data warehouse. Galen B recently published “Read Google Data Developers: Dimensional Data Model Dead”. Now, this has received mixed reviews, as there are still many people who strongly support traditional data modeling, but no matter which camp you live in, it is important to note that there is no fast way to a solid basic data model.

Your data engineering team will need to take some time to understand how data is used, what it stands for, and what it looks like. This will ensure that you create data sets that your colleagues will want to use and use effectively. It all starts with the same stages of data processing.

Here are the key sections for most corporate data matching patterns:

  1. Raw – This layer is usually stored in S3 buckets or perhaps a raw table used as the first layer of data. Teams can then conduct a rapid data test to ensure that all data remains healthy. It can also be reconfigured in case of accidental deletion.
  2. Stage – Some form of pre-data processing is usually inevitable. Next, data teams rely on stage layouts to make the first pass of their data. To some extent or another, there is often duplicate data, heavily embedded data, and newly inconsistently named data standardized on a staging layer. Once the data is processed, there will usually be another QA layer before uploading the data to the main data layer.
  3. Core – This layer is where you will find the company’s database. This is where you can track everything that is done or done in the business to the level of granularity. You can think of this layer as a place where all the various organizations and relationships are kept. It is the foundation on which everything else is built.
  4. Statistics – The analysis layer is usually broadly pre-assembled tables to reduce the number of errors and logical applications that can occur as analysts progress on the main data layer.
  5. Integrated – At the top of the analysis layer there is often a combination of metrics, KPIs, and aggregated data sets that need to be created. These metrics and KPIs are used for reporting as dashboard go-to directors, C-suites, and performance managers who need to make decisions based on changing KPIs over time.

Why Invest In Best Practices

Building a solid data storage system, whether a data warehouse or a data lakehouse, gives you a solid foundation on which to build. Whether you are building a data product or doing research, a well-defined basic data layer allows everyone in the company to build their data products with complete confidence in the accuracy of the data.

Additionally, performing small tasks such as setting up IDs makes it easy to join data across all system data sets. This means that end-users as data analysts and scientists can create analyses in very different data sets.

And we do not even consider all the benefits that people get when column names have an expected skip, such as not spending time analyzing columns before using them because they are not sure what kind of data they should expect from what is being said. column. I know, funny things. While all of these advanced processes take time, they ensure that, over time, a company can make decisions with a high level of data reliability.

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Companies invest in centralized data storage systems because they provide easy access to large amounts of data without the need to pull data directly from all data sources, place it in excel, and convert all that data there. That is why companies invest so much in data warehouses, data pools, and data warehouses. Creating any type of data storage system always requires a certain level of configuration and data modeling (in one way or another).

  • Data modeling is Important before actually starting utilizing that data. It is easy to understand, easy to operate, and It’s solid and faithful.
  • Data Models Practices like standardizing names, managing data structure, organizing IDE & improve processes with the software team.
  • Higher level of Data modeling concepts &  key sections for most corporate data matching patterns including Raw, core, Stage, and Statistics. I hope you understand the importance of data Modeling and use it.

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